Thursday, January 31, 2019
A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Understanding of the Role of
A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Understanding of the Role of direction in Society Functionalist theories prehend the different parts of a high ball club each ingest their own role to play (their own execute), and work together smoothly in order to form a harmonious whole (macro). The metaphor often used to describe functionalism is that it views society as a body, with the different socialisation agents government, media, religion, the family, etc., and, of course, educationbeing exchangeable the different organs in a body, each contributing in a different way to keeping the entire body healthy. Functionalism assumes that the motley institutions of a society always operate so as to place upright that society as it is. If they didnt, the society would perish therefore, functionalism believes, its safe to assume that they do in any society one may encounter, for other the society would no longer be here for us to study. Functionalism is found on value consensus which provides stability and functional prerequisites. In Marxism it is based on capitalism. In capitalism, the minority course, the bourgeoisie or capitalist employers who own the bureau of production make their profits by exploiting the drive of the majority, the proletariat. As a result, work under capitalism is alienating, unsatisfying, poorly paid and something over which workers have no control over. This creates the potential for class conflict. The functions of education, in functionalisms perspective, for society as a whole are to meet the shared goals (value consensus) of society. Where as Marxists actualize education is based on class division and capitalis... ... the system helps the transmittance of societys value consensus prepare the young for bighearted roles, the cream of young people in terms of talents and abilities for appropriate roles in adult life. The provision of knowledge, skills and traini ng necessary for effective participation in the labour force. Which in essence is based a pun meritocracy, equal opportunities, locomote and sorting people in society, having the right skills for the job and value consensus. Where as in Marxism it has a huge impact on people with federal agency ideologies. And creates feudalism which then initially leads to capitalism which in quintessence creates class conflict. The biggest difference over all is that Functionalism wants societies to be harmonically were in Marxism it could never be achieved if everything was to be equal.