Sunday, May 26, 2019
CariÃ¢â¬â¢s Story Essay
A) How could an infection in Caris nasal passages and pharynx blossom forth into her sinuses? Mucous membranes of the nose, paranasal sinuses, pharynx and middle ear are connected by ducts in the throat.B) What is a cough reflex? Describe the process that Caris respiratory system is using to clear her lungs by coughing? A cough reflex has both sensory (afferent) and motor (efferent) components. Pulmonary irritant receptors (cough receptors) in the epithelium of the respiratory tract are sensitive to both mechanical and chemical stimuli. Stimulation of the cough receptors by dust or other inappropriate particles produces a cough, which is necessary to remove the foreign material from the respiratory tract before it reaches the lungs. A long drawn and deep inhalation followed by a complete closure of the glottis, which results in a strong exhalation that suddenly punches the glottis open and sends a blast of air through the upper respiratory passages.C) Which social organisation fou nd in the terminal bronchioles and alveoli normally would protect Caris lungs from infectious pathogens and particulate matter? Macrophages are present (wandering phagocytes) that remove dust particles and other rubble from the alveolar space.D) How would the resistance of Caris airways be affected by excess mucus and fluid in her lungs? The lung aptitude is decreased because the air space is already filled with mucus and fluids therefore she cant take in enough oxygen. The extra mucus and fluids put extra pressure on the lungs.E) How would Caris lungs compliance (the effort required to fly off the handle thelungs) be altered as her alveoli fill with fluid due to pneumonia? The fluid makes it harder to expand the lungs because the fluid makes the alveoli sticky and unable(p) to open/expand.F) How would fluid in Caris lungs affect her total lung capacity? Her lung capacity would go down because the air space is already being taken up by fluid.G) How does the elevation of Caris respiratory rate alter her refined ventilation? The elevation of Caris respiratory rate should increase her minute ventilation.H) Normal blood oxygen saturation levels are greater than 94 pct Caris blood oxygen saturation level was 90 percent at the time of her exam and an initial arterial blood gas analysis done when she was admitted to the hospital revealed her arterial Po2 was 54 mmHg. How do these clinical findings link up to the internal respiration in Caris body? Caris oxygen saturation level was 90% and the Po2 of would show that her arteries are having too much oxygen. A normal resenting mmHg is 40% and exercises lower Po2 level. A normal resting oxygen level is 94%.I) Which of the symptoms Cari has described are due to lack of oxygen and reduced oxygen exchange at her tissues? Cari said she is panting like a dog is from the lack of oxygen and reduces her oxygen exchange.J) As Caris PCO2 rose how was oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin affected? As Caris Pco2 rose, how was the oxygen-carrying capacity of hemoglobin affected? The oxygen carrying of hemoglobin volume with the rise of Pco2 testament decrease since the Co2 will take O2s.? Caris pH and Pco2 will decrease and her rate of breathing will also be decreasing.K) How would you have expected Caris decreased PCO2 and alcalescent blood PH to have affected her breathing? Caris pH and Pco2 will decrease and her rate of breathing will also be decreasing. L) How would electric pig of oxygen enhance Caris central drive to breathe? The fluid in her lungs makes ithard to expand because the fluid makes the alveoli sticky and it cant expand and open. Cari will breathe better when oxygen was administered to her.M) Which anatomical structures in Caris respiratory system were initially involved? The structures involved are the trachea, nasal, pharynx, and larynx, and the lungs.N) Why was Cari plagued with a chronic mucklers cough?Cari is plagued with a chronic smokers cough because she has a 20 year his tory of smoking.O) Which damaging effects of tobacco smoke led to Caris impaired respiratory defenses mechanisms? There are damages to the epithelial with those damages comes the bodys repair process.P) How did pneumonia affect Caris lung exploit?Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can be caused by nearly any class of organism known to cause human infections, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. It results in an inflammatory response in spite of appearance the small air spaces of the lung (alveoli).